Tag Archives: evpn

Segment Routed L2VPN TE – Cisco IOS-XR

Hi All

Let’s see Segment routing in action in this blog particularly on IOS-XR. Segment routing is quite new concept which is picking pace these days. In my earlier blog I listed the differences between Segment routing and RSVP-TE and SR can replace it and there are certain areas where it may not be able to help however L3VPN and L2VPN Traffic Engineering is surely one area where it can be used and in this blog we will use SR as TE while configuring the L2VPN.

For this we will take NCS5508 as our router platform in below topology where we will configure the L2VPN SR-TE between NCS5508-1 to NCS5508-3 via NCS5508-8.

Segment Routing in IOS-XR

 

Let’s see the SR config first.

SR beauty is that there is no special protocol needed to run it. SR Labels will be advertised in OSPF/ISIS and these protocols have been uplifted to carry them. SR Labels are carried in Type 10 Opaque area LSA as TLV.

If you are familiar with OSPF config in IOS-XR, most of the config below looks similar to you as we have just enabled OSPF under area0 and added interfaces under it.

However there are 3 configs highlighted in RED which we have enabled for Segment routing.

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show running-config router ospf
router ospf 1
 nsr
 distribute link-state
 segment-routing mpls
 nsf ietf
 segment-routing sr-prefer
 area 0
 mpls traffic-eng
 interface Loopback0
 passive enable
 prefix-sid index 1 explicit-null
 !
 interface HundredGigE0/1/0/0
 cost 1
 network point-to-point
 !
 interface FortyGigE0/2/0/8
 cost 4
 network point-to-point
 !
 interface FortyGigE0/2/0/10
 cost 4
 network point-to-point
 !
 interface FortyGigE0/2/0/18
 cost 4
 network point-to-point
 !
 !
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0
!

segment-routing mpls , this command causes OSPF to originate RI LSA, Extended Prefix and Extended Link LSAs. It enables MPLS on all interfaces in area(s) enabled for SR and programs SR MPLS labels for forwarding.

segment-routing sr-prefer is used to set the preference of segment routing (SR) labels over label distribution protocol (LDP) labels in case both are available towards destination in your network.

prefix-sid index 1 explicit-null — A prefix SID is associated with an IP prefix. The prefix SID is manually configured from the segment routing global block (SRGB) range of labels. The prefix segment steers the traffic along the shortest path to its destination. A node SID is a special type of prefix SID that identifies a specific node. It is configured under the loopback interface with the loopback address of the node as the prefix. The prefix SID is globally unique within the segment routing domain.

Let’s verify it

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show ospf sid-database
SID Database for ospf 1 with ID 192.168.0.1

SID Prefix/Mask
-------- ------------------
1 192.168.0.1/32 (L)
2 192.168.0.2/32
3 192.168.0.3/32
4 192.168.0.4/32
5 192.168.0.5/32
6 192.168.0.6/32
7 192.168.0.7/32
8 192.168.0.8/32


In the same way we have configured the Node-SID as same index as last octet on lo0 interface.

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show ospf database opaque-area 192.168.0.1/32
 OSPF Router with ID (192.168.0.1) (Process ID 1)
Type-10 Opaque Link Area Link States (Area 0)
LS age: 782
 Options: (No TOS-capability, DC)
 LS Type: Opaque Area Link
 Link State ID: 7.0.0.1
 Opaque Type: 7
 Opaque ID: 1
 Advertising Router: 192.168.0.1
 LS Seq Number: 800006fa
 Checksum: 0xed8b
 Length: 44
Extended Prefix TLV: Length: 20
 Route-type: 1
 AF : 0
 Flags : 0x40
 Prefix : 192.168.0.1/32
SID sub-TLV: Length: 8
 Flags : 0x50
 MTID : 0
 Algo : 0
 SID Index : 1
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show mpls forwarding
Local  Outgoing    Prefix             Outgoing     Next Hop        Bytes
Label  Label       or ID              Interface                    Switched

—— ———– —————— ———— ————— ————

16002  Exp-Null-v4 SR Pfx (idx 2)     Hu0/1/0/0    50.50.50.30     0
16003  16003       SR Pfx (idx 3)     Hu0/1/0/0    50.50.50.30     0
16004  Exp-Null-v4 SR Pfx (idx 4)     Fo0/2/0/8    50.50.50.25     0
16005  16005       SR Pfx (idx 5)     Fo0/2/0/8    50.50.50.25     6421133
16006  16006       SR Pfx (idx 6)     Hu0/1/0/0    50.50.50.30     0
       16006       SR Pfx (idx 6)     Fo0/2/0/8    50.50.50.25     0
16007  16007       SR Pfx (idx 7)     Hu0/1/0/0    50.50.50.30     0
16008  Exp-Null-v4 SR Pfx (idx 8)     Fo0/2/0/18   50.50.50.38     0

Now let’s create a Segment routed TE EVPN based P2P L2 Circuit. 🙂

Ideally we know that Controller is needed to play with Segment routed labels and Controller can insert the appropriate labels required for TE however if you don’t have Controller, you can configure the path by explicitly giving the path through which traffic will be going.

So we will start with l2vpn xconnect taking edge interface on NCS5508-1 and assigning a EVPN EVI 1100 with source and target ac-id (attachment circuit id) and associate it with pw-class which we will define in next step.

 

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show running-config l2vpn xconnect group evpn-vpws p2p vpws1
l2vpn
 xconnect group evpn-vpws
 p2p vpws1
 interface HundredGigE0/2/0/2.1100
 neighbor evpn evi 1100 target 11003 source 11001
 pw-class vpws1-class
 !
 !
 !
! 

Pw-class is associated with sr-te policy to steer traffic through the network. An SR-TE policy path is expressed as a list of segments that specifies the path, called a segment ID (SID) list. Each segment is an end-to-end path from the source to the destination, and instructs the routers in the network to follow the specified path instead of the shortest path calculated by the IGP

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show running-config l2vpn pw-class vpws1-class
l2vpn
 pw-class vpws1-class
 encapsulation mpls
 preferred-path sr-te policy vpws1-policy
 !
 !
!
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show running-config segment-routing traffic-eng policy vpws1-policy
segment-routing
 traffic-eng
 policy vpws1-policy
 color 10 end-point ipv4 192.168.0.3
 candidate-paths
 preference 200
 dynamic
 metric
 type te
 !
 !
 !
 preference 300
 explicit segment-list vpws1-path
 !
 !
 !
 !
 !
!

So in our policy, we have defined one preferred path which is dynamic and if that fails it should failover to explicitly configured segment list defined via path vpws1-path.

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show running-config segment-routing traffic-eng segment-list vpws1-path
segment-routing
 traffic-eng
 segment-list vpws1-path
 index 10 address ipv4 50.50.50.38
 index 20 address ipv4 50.50.50.21
 !
 !
!

So if we see currently the route towards NCS5508-3, it’s going via IGP Route and not taking our defined list which is expected.

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show route 192.168.0.3
Wed Jun 27 14:49:59.487 UTC
Routing entry for 192.168.0.3/32
 Known via "ospf 1", distance 110, metric 3, labeled SR, type intra area
 Installed Jun 27 14:47:18.930 for 00:02:40
 Routing Descriptor Blocks
 50.50.50.30, from 192.168.0.3, via HundredGigE0/1/0/0
 Route metric is 3
 No advertising protos.

So let’s see our L2VPN status.

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show l2vpn xconnect group evpn-vpws detail
Group evpn-vpws, XC vpws1, state is up; Interworking none
 AC: HundredGigE0/2/0/2.1100, state is up
 Type VLAN; Num Ranges: 1
 Rewrite Tags: []
 VLAN ranges: [1100, 1100]
 MTU 9016; XC ID 0x1000001; interworking none
 Statistics:
 packets: received 157064234, sent 157063216
 bytes: received 234968088320, sent 234966565392
 drops: illegal VLAN 0, illegal length 0
 EVPN: neighbor 192.168.0.3, PW ID: evi 1100, ac-id 11003, state is up ( established )
 XC ID 0xc0000001
 Encapsulation MPLS
 Source address 192.168.0.1
 Encap type Ethernet, control word disabled
 Sequencing not set
 Preferred path Active : SR TE vpws1-policy, Statically configured, fallback enabled
 Tunnel : Up

 EVPN  Local Remote
 ------------ ------------------------------ -----------------------------
 Label 64007 64006
 MTU   9016  9016
 Control word disabled disabled
 AC ID 11001 11003
 EVPN type Ethernet Ethernet

So if we go n shut the primary dynamic path we can see the forwarding table moves over to our segment-list defined for label 16003 which is for NCS5508-3.

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#config t
Wed Jun 27 14:58:04.096 UTC
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1(config)#int HundredGigE0/1/0/0
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1(config-if)#shutdown
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1(config-if)#commit
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:ncs5508-1#show mpls forwarding
Local Outgoing Prefix Outgoing Next Hop Bytes
Label Label or ID Interface Switched
------ ----------- ------------------ ------------ --------------- ------------
16002 16002 SR Pfx (idx 2) Fo0/2/0/18 50.50.50.38 0
16003 16003 SR Pfx (idx 3) Fo0/2/0/18 50.50.50.38 0

 

So thats all, i hope you like the blog and let me know your feedback.

 

Regards

Mohit

 
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EVPN in JunOS

Hi All

This time we will be looking at EVPN, its configuration on JunOS and how it is different from VPLS.

Currently if service provider has to join customer’s multiple sites via Layer 2, only option is VPLS. VPLS can be LDP based or BGP based.

BGP based VPLS has advantages that you can use RRs to scale however VPLS as a whole has a disadvantages that:

  • We can’t do active-active multihoming with both links from CE to PE.
  • Control plane MAC-Learning is not possible.
  • L2 Loop detection is not possible.
  • VPLS consumes less in control plane however more MPLS labels (because MAC learning relies on a different label for each remote site) than EVPN.

EVPN is immune to all the above problems and it’s only based upon BGP so we don’t have to fight between LDP vs BGP advantages.

Underlying EVPN can be used with VXLAN or MPLS however solution which I am going to discuss is based upon MPLS.

Look at the diagram below. We have 3 sites basically 3 VMs all part of same IP Network and they are connected to same EVPN instances on 3 different Juniper routers via switch in their path.

EVPN
EVPN Topology

Let’s see config on Manchester Juniper PE router.

You can see its fairly straightforward config with same parameters as L3VPNs except instance-type is evpn and we need to use protocols evpn to define parameters to limit the mac and ip if we want.

write@re1.Manchester > show configuration routing-instances evpn-1
instance-type evpn;
vlan-id 1200;
interface xe-1/0/0:0.1200;
route-distinguisher 10.198.206.41:1200;
vrf-target target:2856:1200;
protocols {
 evpn {
 interface-mac-limit {
 1000;
 packet-action drop;
 }
 interface-mac-ip-limit {
 1000;
 }
 interface xe-1/0/0:0.1200;
 label-allocation per-instance;
 }
}

From RR point of view, we need to add family evpn under BGP on all PEs and RR.

write@re1.Manchester > show configuration protocols bgp
path-selection external-router-id;
advertise-from-main-vpn-tables;
log-updown;
drop-path-attributes 128;
authentication-algorithm md5;
vpn-apply-export;
tcp-mss 4096;
group LAB-RR {
 type internal;
 local-address 10.198.206.41;
 family inet-vpn {
 unicast;
 family l2vpn {
 signaling;
 }
 family evpn {
 signaling;
 }
 neighbor 10.198.206.46;
}

We will be doing the same configs on rest 2 PEs.

write@re1.Manchester > show evpn instance evpn-1 extensive
Instance: evpn-1
 Route Distinguisher: 10.198.206.41:1200
 VLAN ID: 1200
 Per-instance MAC route label: 119
 Per-instance multicast route label: 120
 Duplicate MAC detection threshold: 5
 Duplicate MAC detection window: 180
 MAC database status Local Remote
 MAC advertisements: 1 2
 MAC+IP advertisements: 1 2
 Default gateway MAC advertisements: 0 0
 Number of local interfaces: 3 (3 up)
 Interface name ESI Mode Status AC-Role
 et-1/1/0.1200 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00 single-homed Up Root
 xe-1/0/0:0.1200 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00 single-homed Up Root
 xe-1/0/0:0.1210 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00 single-homed Up Root
 Number of IRB interfaces: 0 (0 up)
 Number of protect interfaces: 0
 Number of bridge domains: 1
 VLAN Domain ID Intfs / up IRB intf Mode MAC sync IM route label SG sync IM core nexthop
 1200 3 3 Extended Enabled 120 Enabled
 Number of neighbors: 4
 Address MAC MAC+IP AD IM ES Leaf-label
 10.198.206.42 0 0 0 1 0
 10.198.206.43 1 1 0 1 0
 10.198.206.44 0 0 0 1 0
 10.198.206.45 1 1 0 1 0
 Number of ethernet segments: 0

Some key take away from above is that due to config “label-allocation per-instance” we are seeing one MPLS Label for the whole EVPN routing instance.

write@re1.Manchester > show route table mpls.0 label 119
mpls.0: 45 destinations, 45 routes (45 active, 0 holddown, 0 hidden)
+ = Active Route, - = Last Active, * = Both

119 *[EVPN/7] 3d 20:05:21, routing-instance evpn-1, route-type Ingress-MAC, vlan-id 1200
 to table evpn-1.evpn-mac.0

ESI (Ethernet Segment Identifier) is all zeros for PE which is single homed to CE. In active-active multihoming, an Ethernet segment appears as a LAG to the CE device.

Let’s check the mac-table on PE. So you can see   00:0c:29:34:04:26 is learned dynamically by Manc PE over xe-1/0/0:0/1200 interface. This is still Data Plane learning and with EVPN there is no difference. However look at MAC Flags for other 2 MAC addresses. DC corresponds to Dynamic Control MAC means they are learned via Control Plane (using BGP)

write@re1.Manchester > show evpn mac-table instance evpn-1
MAC flags       (S -static MAC, D -dynamic MAC, L -locally learned, C -Control MAC
O -OVSDB MAC, SE -Statistics enabled, NM -Non configured MAC, R -Remote PE MAC, P -Pinned MAC)
Routing instance : evpn-1
Bridging domain : __evpn-1__, VLAN : 1200
MAC                         MAC      Logical          NH     MAC         active
address                    flags    interface        Index  property    source
00:0c:29:34:04:26   D        xe-1/0/0:0.1200
00:0c:29:37:55:3d   DC                        1048585            10.198.206.43
00:0c:29:55:5a:45   DC                        1048584            10.198.206.45

Evpn has also learned the IP Address and added in arp-table so you can see MAC/IP Association.

write@re1.Manchester > show evpn arp-table instance evpn-1
INET MAC Logical Routing Bridging
address address interface instance domain
10.10.10.3 00:0c:29:34:04:26 xe-1/0/0:0.1200 evpn-1 __evpn-1__
10.10.10.4 00:0c:29:37:55:3d evpn-1 __evpn-1__
10.10.10.2 00:0c:29:55:5a:45 evpn-1 __evpn-1__

Same thing you can see in routing table as well.

There are several types of routes in EVPN, Type 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 etc.. Type 2 is MAC and IP Route which shows relationship between them however Junos shows that also in 2 ways. Type 2 route as pure MAC and type 2 route as MAC/IP.

Type 3 routes are required for Broadcast, Unknown Unicast and Multicast (BUM) traffic delivery across EVPN networks. Type 3 advertisements provide information about P-tunnels that should be used to send BUM traffic. Without Type 3 advertisements, ingress router would not know how to deliver BUM traffic to other PE devices that comprise given EVPN instance.

write@re1.Manchester > show route table evpn-1
evpn-1.evpn.0: 11 destinations, 11 routes (11 active, 0 holddown, 0 hidden)
+ = Active Route, - = Last Active, * = Both

2:10.198.206.41:1200::1200::00:0c:29:34:04:26/304 MAC/IP
 *[EVPN/170] 3d 19:18:39
 Indirect
2:10.198.206.43:1200::1200::00:0c:29:37:55:3d/304 MAC/IP
 *[BGP/170] 1d 02:03:17, localpref 100, from 10.198.206.46
 AS path: I, validation-state: unverified
 > to 30.30.30.2 via xe-0/0/0:1.0
2:10.198.206.45:1200::1200::00:0c:29:55:5a:45/304 MAC/IP
 *[BGP/170] 03:13:24, localpref 100, from 10.198.206.46
 AS path: I, validation-state: unverified
 > to 30.30.30.14 via et-0/1/0.0, Push 945
2:10.198.206.41:1200::1200::00:0c:29:34:04:26::10.10.10.3/304 MAC/IP
 *[EVPN/170] 3d 19:18:34
 Indirect
2:10.198.206.43:1200::1200::00:0c:29:37:55:3d::10.10.10.4/304 MAC/IP
 *[BGP/170] 01:53:03, localpref 100, from 10.198.206.46
 AS path: I, validation-state: unverified
 > to 30.30.30.2 via xe-0/0/0:1.0
2:10.198.206.45:1200::1200::00:0c:29:55:5a:45::10.10.10.2/304 MAC/IP
 *[BGP/170] 03:13:24, localpref 100, from 10.198.206.46
 AS path: I, validation-state: unverified
 > to 30.30.30.14 via et-0/1/0.0, Push 945
3:10.198.206.41:1200::1200::10.198.206.41/248 IM
 *[EVPN/170] 6d 22:17:38
 Indirect
3:10.198.206.42:1200::1200::10.198.206.42/248 IM
 *[BGP/170] 03:13:24, localpref 100, from 10.198.206.46
 AS path: I, validation-state: unverified
 > to 30.30.30.14 via et-0/1/0.0
3:10.198.206.43:1200::1200::10.198.206.43/248 IM
 *[BGP/170] 1d 02:03:17, localpref 100, from 10.198.206.46
 AS path: I, validation-state: unverified
 > to 30.30.30.2 via xe-0/0/0:1.0
3:10.198.206.44:1200::1200::10.198.206.44/248 IM
 *[BGP/170] 1d 02:03:17, localpref 100, from 10.198.206.46
 AS path: I, validation-state: unverified
 > to 30.30.30.6 via xe-0/0/0:2.0
3:10.198.206.45:1200::1200::10.198.206.45/248 IM
 *[BGP/170] 03:13:24, localpref 100, from 10.198.206.46
 AS path: I, validation-state: unverified
 > to 30.30.30.14 via et-0/1/0.0, Push 945

 

Let’s do a ping test from VM (10.10.10.4) connected to London to VM (10.10.10.3) connected to Manchester PE via EVPN Network.

For completeness, I have shown the arp-table for London EVPN-1.

write@re0.London > show evpn arp-table instance evpn-1
INET MAC Logical Routing Bridging
address address interface instance domain
10.10.10.3 00:0c:29:34:04:26 evpn-1 __evpn-1__
10.10.10.4 00:0c:29:37:55:3d xe-0/2/0.1200 evpn-1 __evpn-1__
10.10.10.2 00:0c:29:55:5a:45 evpn-1 __evpn-1__

You can see Ping works without any loss.

Ping

So that’s all for EVPN. Let me know if you have any queries and I hope to show you more in next blogs about EVPN.

BBye 🙂

Mohit